Aged Macular Degeneration (AMD)

What is AMD ?

The center of retina is calle macula. In AMD edem and hemorrahge occur at macula to cause distorted vision.
Smoking is the strong risk factor of AMD.
AMD causes the blurry vision and sometimes black spot in the center of vision.
It sometimes progress rapidly

Treamtment

Intravitreous injection of anti vascular endothelial growth factor
Photocoagulation
Vitreous surgery

Epiretinal Membrane (ERM)

What is ERM ?

Very thin fibrous membrane develops macula area due to aging.
ERM causes distorted vision and sometimes progresses slowly.

Treatment

Surgical removal of membrane is effective to stop the development of this disease.
But distorted vision will not be cured completely.
So surgery should be done before symptoms becomes severe
We perform outpatint surgery of ERM
After surgery cataract will progress rapidly so usualy cataract surgery is performed at the same time

Diabetic Retinopathy